Black Sabbath

Black Sabbath
John Michael "Ozzy" Osbourne (Vocals [1969-1977] [1978-1979] [1997-2006] [since 2011], Ozzy Osbourne), Tony Iommi (Guitar [since 1969], Belch, Iommi, WhoCares, ex-Heaven And Hell, ex-Jethro Tull), Terence Michael Joseph "Geezer" Butler (Bass [1969-1979] [1980-1984] [1987] [1991-1994] [1997-2006] [since 2011], Geezer, ex-Geezer Butler Band, ex-Heaven And Hell, ex-Ozzy Osbourne), Robert Rondinelli (Drums [1993-1994] [1995], Axel Rudi Pell, Rondinelli, Sun Red Sun, ex-Blue Öyster Cult, ex-Doro, ex-Rainbow, ex-Quiet Riot, ex-Riot), Beverley Bevan (Drums [1983-1984] [1987], Belch, Bev Bevan's Move, Electric Light Orchestra), Colin Flooks (aka Cozy Powell) (Drums [1988-1990] [1994-1995], ex-Brian May, ex-Cozy Powell, ex-Glen Tipton, ex-Rainbow, ex-Tony Martin, ex-Whitesnake, ex-Yngwie Malmsteen), Ian Gillan (Vocals [1983-1984], Deep Purple, Ian Gillan Band, ex-Episode Six, ex-Garth Rockett and the Moonshiners, ex-Gillan, ex-WhoCares), William Thomas "Bill" Ward (Drums [1969-1980] [1983] [1984] [1994] [1997-2006] [2011-2012], Bill Ward, ex-The Mezmerist, ex-Max Havoc), Rynia Lee "Ron" Keel Jr. (Vocals [1984], Keel, ex-Steeler, ex-Lust (USA)), Vinny Appice (Drums [1980-1982] [1991-1992] [1998], Martiria, ex-Dio, ex-Hear 'n Aid, ex-Heaven And Hell, ex-Kill Devil Hill, ex-Minoru Niihara, ex-WWIII), Craig Gruber (Bass [1980], died 05/05/2015, ex-Elf, ex-Rainbow, ex-Raven Lord, ex-The Rods), Neil Murray (Bass [1989-1990] [1994-1996], Empire (GER), Rondinelli, ex-Bow Wow, ex-Gogmagog, ex-Tony Martin, ex-Whitesnake), Ronnie James Dio (Vocals [1979-1982] [1991-1992], died 16/05/2010, ex-Dio, ex-Elf, ex-Hear 'n Aid, ex-Heaven And Hell, ex-Rainbow), Geoff Nicholls (Bass, Back Vocals, Keyboard [1979-1987], Quartz, Tony Martin), Dave Walker (Vocals [1977-1978], Dave Walker Band, ex-Fleetwood Mac, ex-Humble Pie, ex-Hungry Fighter, ex-Mistress, ex-Raven, ex-Savoy Brown, ex-The Idle Race), Laurence Cottle (Bass [1988-1989], ex-Alan Parsons Project, ex-Bill Bruford's Earthworks, ex-Mike Oldfield), Anthony Philip Harford (aka Tony Martin) (Vocals [1987-1991] [1992-1997], Giuntini Project, Rondinelli, The Cage, Tony Martin, ex-Candlemass, ex-Empire (GER)), Jeff Fenholt (Vocals [1984-1985], ex-Joshua Perahia, ex-Geezer Butler Band, ex-MARS, ex-Rondinelli), David Tom Donato (Vocals [1984], ex-Geezer Butler Band), David Spitz (Bass [1985-1987], ex-Great White, ex-Impellitteri, ex-Stream, ex-White Lion), Gordon Copley (Bass [1985], ex-Lita Ford), Jo Burt (Bass [1987], The Jo Burt Experience, ex-Andy Scott's Sweet, ex-Sector 27), Eric Doyle "Singer" Mensinger (Drums [1985-1987], Eric Singer Project, Kiss, Stream, ex-Alice Cooper, ex-Avantasia, ex-Shameless), Glenn Hughes (Vocals [1985-1986], Glenn Hughes, Iommi, Voodoo Hill, ex-Black Country Communion, ex-California Breed, ex-Deep Purple, ex-Trapeze), Robert Daisley (Bass [1986], Planet Alliance, Stream, ex-Gary Moore, ex-Ozzy Osbourne, ex-Rainbow, ex-Uriah Heep, ex-Widowmaker, ex-Yngwie Malmsteen), Raymond A. Gillen (Vocals [1986-1987], died 01/12/1993, ex-Blue Murder, ex-Rondinelli, ex-Sun Red Sun)

Black Sabbath has been so influential in the development of heavy metal rock music as to be a defining force in the style.

The group took the blues-rock sound of late '60s acts like Cream, Blue Cheer, and Vanilla Fudge to its logical conclusion, slowing the tempo, accentuating the bass, and emphasizing screaming guitar solos and howled vocals full of lyrics expressing mental anguish and macabre fantasies. If their predecessors clearly came out of an electrified blues tradition, Black Sabbath took that tradition in a new direction, and in so doing helped give birth to a musical style that continued to attract millions of fans decades later..

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